Business Ideas from the Internship

 Kurian S. Kurian from Rajiv Gandhi
National institute of Youth Development, Chennai. I am doing my Masters in
Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

innovation is an emerging field. It is where we find innovative solutions for
the most pressing problems in the society. Being in the class I was able to
grasp the theoretical aspects of being a social entrepreneur. Practically, is
there any problem faced by the society and how I can find solutions for it.
These were the questions that would be always in my head.

My 1 month internship at People’s Action for
People in Need (PAPN) helped me to find answers to my questions. Going to
field, interacting with the people all helped me to find opportunities to
become a social entrepreneur. Being the student of Social innovation I was able
to identify various gaps in the society which I can find ways to solve it. As I
am finishing my internship at PAPN I was able to find as much as 3-4 business
ideas from this internship.

at PAPN was an eye opener and it was great to be here.

Kurian S. Kurian
Rajiv Gandhi National institute of
Youth Development, Chennai

My Experiences at PAPN Andheri, Himachal Pradesh

            One month in Himachal, that was the only thing
which passed through my mind when I got in People’s Action for People in Need
(PAPN), for a month’s internship. But my experiences at PAPN

turned to one of
the best times in my life.

            Andheri is one of the most beauteous and
remote villages in Himachal Pradesh. Apart from all the noises of civilization,
Andheri stood on the top of Himalayan Mountains, elegantly like a queen. The villages
were magnificently arranged like a coniferous tree. It was beautiful but later
I realized the houses are arranged like this because of the extreme caste
hierarchy which still prevails among the community. All the lower caste communities
are living in the lower parts of the mountains, which restricts them from
getting all the basic facilities like, water, transportation, communication
etc. And the higher caste on the upper part of the mountains, near to the road
and enjoys all the facilities.

            PAPN is an NGO which works for social welfare,
caste issues and child & women rights. The important thing to be mentioned
is that no burden was laid on us regarding the activities and works to be done
on behalf of internship. Instead it was up to each one of us to decide what we
can learn and do according to our area of interest.

            Considering this immense caste
discrimination we interacted with two of the villages i.e. Sainj and Ranfua,
some of the govt. institutions such as Anganwadis, schools, and primary health
centres etc. and made a detailed report on the same.

            Most of the days we took a walk
through this beautiful place and learned how human race have tied themselves on
some lunatic chains of religion, caste, race etc.. Time went really fast and
the same mountains looked very different each of the times I see them. One
month went quickly.

            Thanks to PAPN for such a great
opportunity. And dear Andheri, hopefully I may come and visit you again.
Rose Mary
Pursuing MA in Local Governance
Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development
Sriperumbudhur – 602105

PU Chandigarh Interns in People’s Action for People in Need

A short video by the students of MSW of Punjab University, Chandigarh, prepared by them during their one month internship (1-30 June, 2017) with People’s Action for People in Need, Andheri


My Experience in Andheri, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh

Himachal is a Northern state
of India. It is also known to abundant beauty of nature. When I was came in to Andheri which
is located in Sirmour district Himachal Pradesh.  I was only
thinking about their livelihood and how they are farming. After that I
started  to visit some villages  like Ranfua, Jabrog,  Malandochi,
we met several  peoples in to village and try to understand  and know
about  the whole situation  of  their life. It was very
difficult to living on the hill. They are facing many problems. The main communities
are Bhramins, Rajputs, Koli and dalits. The major spoken language include Hindi,
Dongari, Kangari and Pahadi.  The major source of livelihood is
agriculture. Agriculture is the main source of income  and
employments  in village. Maize, wheat and rice are only crops. Potato
and ginger are only the cash crops.

They have very small lands, which is
cultivated very small scale. There are very few persons employed in
organization sectors. The people of villages are very kind person. They
don’t know us but who met us in road or house they said Namaste
it was great feeling for me. One day we met dalit community’s women. They
are very poor and they are struggling for basic needs. But they make tea,
and lunch for us it was special feeling for us because they
don’t know us but they make tea and lunch for us. I am thankful to them.
Many problems of this region are Inter caste system, superstition,
education, water facilities, and irrigation facilities.

The people have no support of Panchayat. It was
very bad thing for their development. And the most of the students are
drop out their school because of their economic condition was not
good. It creates the negative effect in Society. And
another is social and religious beliefs are dominating on
law and justice. One of the bad examples is KHUMBHLI PRATHA.

PAPN NGO is the only hope for people of this region for
their awareness development and empowerment. It was such a new and wonderful
experience for me.
  Sultan Bhusara 
(MDC, Gujarat University)

Atithi Devo Bhava

urban area with more comfortable life people are losing their tamper and being
more selfish. In Himachal Pradesh, in today’s time they are so humble, kind and
believe in ‘Atithi Devo Bhava’ weather they have basic amenity’s or not. In Indian
Constitution FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity
and integrity of the Nation, in Himachal Pradesh people’s are practising it in true
séance. In Himachal Pradesh every village in call each other by Namaste and do
respect of every people. This is in culture of HP as I felt.

of twelve district of HP is Sirmour district where I have been for internship
at PAPN NGO. People’s of this district are also practising this kind of
culture. Manal Dochi is village where I go for some serious women issues. Sonpa
Devi, for whom I go, does not have enough space at her home for guest so we
were arranged to sit at nabour  Kedo
Devi’s home. We go to there home and listen there problems. They both do not
have any one in family who can earn money. So they are the only one who is
taking responsibility of their home. Because of they are illiterate; they are
unaware of family planning. That’s why they have big families. After discussing
their problems they offered for lunch and it was so intensive offer that I
can’t refused it. In that 4 hours meeting not in once I realised, like I’m
outsider. For them it doesn’t matter they have some basic amenity’s or not but they
know that they have very humble harts and so much love for other.

like Sonpa Devi and Kedo Devi if u meet anyone in this village or district u
will get same response for sure. Because this is in not a formality this is a
culture of the HP. This kind of rich cultured people has to live in so much unaffiliated
region. Its difficult to reach many basic faculty’s here because most

of villages are situated at remote area. Thus there
should be take steps for development of this kind of region.
Devang Mehta
(MDC, Gujarat University)

The Concept Note on Social and Economic Development of Girls and Women through the Agro-based Income Generation Programmes

Profile the Organization:
People’s   Action for People in Need (PAPN) was
established in the year 1982 by a few young social activists and the
professionals from different walks of life. PAPN got itself registered under the
Indian Societies Act (Act-XXI) of 1860 in the year 1983. PAPN is the outcome of
the vision to educate, aware, organize and empower people in general and women
in particular living in the backward, remote, inaccessible and rural and hilly
areas by undertaking educational and awareness programs, the vocational
training   and socio- economic
upliftment   through professional
voluntarism in the State of Himachal Pradesh. Therefore, in the year 1985, PAPN
launched its activities in Sangrah and Shillai Development Blocks of the
Trans-Giri areas of Sirmour District (HP) with the initial financial support
from the Social Work and Research Center, Tilonia, Rajasthan-now known as the Barefoot College. Presently the
Organisation is working in Sirmour District with support from Action Aid
Association and Childline India Foundation and in Panchkula (Haryana) in
collaboration with CRY-Child Rights and you.

The Location and the Area of
The focus area of PAPN is Sangrah and Shillai Development Blocks of the
Trans-Giri region of Sirmour District. 
Geographically the District may be divided into two parts; The Cis-Giri
and the Trans- Giri -locally known as the Giri-Vaar and Giri-Paar. Giri is the
name of a river that divides the District into two parts. The most parts of the
Trans-Giri are much more backward, remote, inaccessible due to difficult
terrain and subsequently least developed and most exploited in terms of the
general socio-economic conditions of the people in general and women and girls
on particulars. The Project area of PAPN lies in bare, brown and barren outer
Western Himalayan region. The whole Project area is hilly and rural with its
eastern border with the tribal belt of Jaunsar-Bawar of Uttrakhand State.

socio-economic status or rather a condition of the people living in this part
of the State is rather pathetic and very poor. The wide spread poverty
encircled by the selective continuance of so called social and cultural customs
governed by the feudal and gender biased system of decision making   at the community level are still very much
there in practice. The major source of livelihood is agriculture. Maize and
Wheat are the only grain crops of the area. Potato and Sweet Potato, garlic and
peas are the other cash crops, which are cultivated in very small scale. Ginger
is no longer a cash crop as it used to be previously.  There are no irrigation facilities; therefore
the agriculture is not economically a viable and productive occupation for a
full year.  Due to topography being
sloppy, average land holding being very small and lack of irrigation
facilities, the agricultural production is too meager to meet the family’s
annual requirements.  More importantly
the petty moneylenders and middlemen, usually the Shopkeepers or village
leaders control the agricultural/village economy. The villagers buy their daily
needs from them on credit and in order to repay the loan they have to sell
their produce such as potato and sweet potato to the moneylenders at a price
fixed by the latter. Each family has had its traditional moneylender for the
generations. Generally they charge a very exploitative rate of interest, which
is over 120% per annum. Therefore, at least one member of each family has to
work as casual laborer on roads or in far off towns to support their family’s
minimum needs of food and clothing. There are very few persons employed in
organized sectors but they do not represent the common people. The
Environmental degradation through quarrying in the hills and forests and   its subsequent effects are one of the
leading environmental hazards facing the area. This has been supplemented by
deforestation, soil erosion as well as the shortage of the fodder and fuel
wood, thus adversely effecting the already poor economy of the area and its
people. The twin problem of    the  safe 
drinking  water  and 
the  sanitation  in 
the  villages  can 
also  be clubbed under the
ecological problems of the region. In brief, the followings are the widely felt
problems and major issues of the people of the area.

o         Comparatively
low  rate 
of  literacy,  especially 
among  women and girls affecting
their social status in the community.
o         Prevalence  of 
social  evils  such 
as   the  child 
marriage,  drinking,  rigid    caste
divisions and the superstitions etc.
o          Inadequate,  ineffective, 
neglected  and  the 
genders  biased  health 
care facilities in the area.
o        Unproductive  agriculture – the  main 
family  occupation –
resulting  in poor socio-economic conditions of the community.
o         The   existence  
and  the continuance   of  
highly   exploitative  credit and  marketing  system            at the community  level.
o         Shortage of the safe
drinking water,  fodder  for 
livestock  and  fuel wood.
o         Inadequate and unhygienic
housing facilities and poor sanitation in the area.

The Status of Girls and Women
within the Community:
Due to
difficult mountainous terrain, hostile weather conditions during the monsoon
and winter and the existing social and cultural practices, the existing health,
educational, communication and related basic necessities are grossly inadequate
and sparsely distributed. These all enabled the orthodoxy to continue-child
marriage, sexual/physical exploitation of women and girls, polyandry and blind
faiths etc. Therefore, in the prevailing situations and socio-cultural
background women and girls are the first and easily available target of exploitation.
The above conditions of women and girls are the net result of the deep rooted
poverty encircled by the selective continuance of so called social customs and
culture governed by the outdated and gender biased system of the decision
making within the community. Health is another area of neglect, which has been
affecting the lives of women and an important factor in their status. The
social customs and traditions are one of the major reasons for very high
prevalence of Reproductive Tract Infections and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
among most of the women of the area.

The planned/proposed
In  the  given 
background,  constraints,
limitations and the  challenges,   PAPN plans to initiate the socio-economic
upliftment of the most deprived, oppressed and neglected section of the
community, i.e., women. 

Please contact; for the concept note on this issue.

Welcome to PAPN!

साथियो, अपार हर्ष के साथ यह साझा कर रहें हैं कि हम लोगों ने अपने खुद के प्रयास से हमारी संस्था का वेबसाइट बनाने का कार्य शुरू किया है. आप इसे सुन्दर और प्रभावशाली बनाने में अपने सुझाओं से हमारी मदद करे.